Forest fires smoke

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Forest fires on a large scale are associated with climate change and on a small scale they are associated with health impacts (particularly on specific groups as the elderly, the pregnant women, the children and people with cardiovascular deceases) and operational issues. Monitoring forest fire emissions can support decisions for the early evacuation of affected areas. Field measurements for monitoring the safety of fire fighting personnel can also be used. FIACTU supports the scientific activities of the European Center for Forest Fires (ECFF). The main mission of the center is studying forest fire smoke health impacts.

Publications of the European Center for Forest Fires
Click on the cover pages below to download the full volumes of Forest Fire Net, a publication of the European Center for Forest Fires (Council of Europe).

 

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Vol. 1                        Vol. 2                        Vol. 3                           Vol. 4

 

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Vol. 5                           Vol. 6                         Vol. 7

 

Research for SMEs

 

FIRELI PROJECT: http://www.fireli.eu/

Field experiments: Flaming phase of the fire Smouldering phase of the fire

 

Field monitoring by visual, thermographic                              Smouldering-glowing phase: testing
cameras and chemical sensors                                        the hose performance

 

Forest fires field work


Monitoring forest fire emissions

 

Combination of optical, acoustic and chemical signals for fire safety

 

Publications:

  • P. Stavrakakis, A. Agapiou, K. Mikedi, S. Karma, M. Statheropoulos, G. C. Pallis, A. Pappa, A scale-up field experiment for the monitoring of a burning process using chemical, audio, and video sensors, Environmental Science and Pollution Research, July 2013
  • K. Mikedi, P. Stavrakakis, A. Agapiou, K. Moirogiorgou, S. Karma, G.C. Pallis, A. Pappa, M. Statheropoulos, M.E. Zervakis, “Chemical, acoustic and optical response profiling for analysing burning patterns”, Sensors and Actuators B ,2013, 176 290– 298. View at publisher
  • Statheropoulos M., Mikedi K., Stavrakakis. P., Agapiou A., Karma S., Pallis G.C., Pappa A., A preliminary study of combining mass spectrometric data with audio and video signals for real-time monitoring of controlled lab-scale fires, Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical 2011,159, 193-200 View at publisher
  • Pappa A., Mikedi K., Agapiou A., Karma S., Pallis G.C., Statheropoulos M., Burke M., TG-MS analysis of nitrile butadiene rubber blends (NBR/PVC), Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, 2011, 92,  106-110. View at publisher
  • WMO/CAgM Guide to Agricultural Meteorological Practices (GAMP) Chapter 8: Applications of Meteorology to Forestry and Non-forest Trees
  • Goldammer JG, Statheropoulos M, Andreae MO. Chapter 1 impacts of vegetation fire emissions on the environment, human health, and security: A global perspective. Developments in Environmental Science, 2008 View at publisher
  • Statheropoulos, M., Karma, S., Complexity and origin of the smoke components as measured near the flame-front of a real forest fire incident: A case study,Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, 2007, 78, 430-437 View at publisher
  • Statheropoulos, M., Goldammer J.G., Vegetation Fire Smoke: Nature, Impacts and Policies to Reduce Negative Consequences on Humans and the Environment, A Publication of the Council of Europe, May 2007
  • I. Dokas, M. Statheropoulos, S. Karma, Integration of field chemical data in initial risk assessment of forest fire smoke, Science of The Total Environment, Volume 376, Issues 13, 15 April 2007, Pages 7285
  • Athina Pappa, K. Mikedi, N. Tzamtzis, M. Statheropoulos, TG-MS analysis for studying the effects of fire retardants on the pyrolysis of pine-needles and their components, Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, May 2006, Volume 84, Issue 3, pp 655-661
  • N. Liu, H. Chen, L. Shu, M. Statheropoulos, Error evaluation of integral methods by consideration on the approximation of temperature integral, Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, July 2005, Volume 81, Issue 1, pp 99-105
  • Statheropoulos, M. (2005). Exposure limits in regard to fire-fighters shift duration and fire-fighters camping. FFNet, 3, 23.
  • Statheropoulos, M., & Karma, S. (2005). Forest fire smoke components from sources other than the forest fuel. FFNet, 3, 6-9.
  • Naian,Haixiang, Lifu, Ruowen, Bin Yao and Milt Statheropoulos, Gaussian Smoothing Strategy of Thermogravimetric Data of Biomass Materials in an Air Atmosphere, Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research 2004 43 (15), 4087-4096
  • Stylianos Liodakis, Dimitris Gakis, Karita Ahlqvist, Miltos Statheropoulos, Pyrolysis of Pinus halepensis needles treated with fire retardants, Ann. For. Sci. 61 (2004) 551–555
  • A. Pappa, K. Mikedi, N. Tzamtzis, M. Statheropoulos, Chemometric methods for studying the effects of chemicals on cellulose pyrolysis by thermogravimetrymass spectrometry, Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, Volume 67, Issue 2, May 2003, Pages 221235
  • N Tzamtzis, A Pappa, M Statheropoulos, C Fasseas, Effects of fire retardants on the pyrolysis of Pinus halepensisneedles using microscopic techniques, Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, Volume 63, Issue 1, March 2002, Pages 147156
  • A Pappa, N Tzamtzis, M Statheropoulos, C Fasseas, The pyrolytic behavior of Pinus halepensis needles observed by transmission light microscopy and stereoscopy, Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, Volume 55, Issue 2, July 2000, Pages 195202
  • M. Statheropoulos, S. Liodakis, N. Tzamtzis, A. Pappa, S. Kyriakou, Thermal degradation of Pinus halepensis pine-needles using various analytical methods, Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, Volume 43, Issue 2, October 1997, Pages 115123
  • S. Liodakis, D. Gakis, M. Statheropoulos, N. Tzamtzis, A. Pappa, Electrochemical methods for monitoring the volatile pyrolysis products of Pinus halepensis pine-needles, Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, Volume 43, Issue 2, October 1997, Pages 139144
  • Tzamtzis N. E., Liodakis S. E., Pappa A. A. , Statheropoulos M. K. , Parissakis G. K., The effect of (NH4)2HPO4 and (NH4)2SO4 on the composition of volatile organic pyrolysis products of cellulose : PY-GC studies, Polymer degradation and stability, 1997, vol. 56, no3, pp. 287-290
  • S.E. Liodakis, M.K. Statheropoulos, N.E. Tzamtzis, A.A. Pappa, G.K. Parissakis, The effect of salt and oxide-hydroxide additives on the pyrolysis of cellulose and Pinus halepensis pine needles, Thermochimica Acta Volume 278, 25 May 1996, Pages 99108
  • A.A. Pappa, N.E. Tzamtzis, M.K. Statheropoulos, G.K. Parissakis, Thermal analysis of Pinus halepensis pine-needles and their main components in the presence of (NH4)2HPO4 and (NH4)2SO4, Thermochimica Acta Volume 261, 1 September 1995, Pages 165173
  • A.A. Pappa, N.E. Tzamtzis, M.K. Statheropoulos, S.E. Liodakis, G.K. Parissakis, A comparative study of the effects of fire retardants on the pyrolysis of cellulose and Pinus halepensis pine-needles, Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis Volume 31, February 1995, Pages 85100